Radio spectrum is used to carry information wirelessly for a vast number of everyday services ranging from television and sound broadcasting, mobile phones and Radio LANs to communications systems used for the emergency services, aeronautical, land and maritime radiocommunications and, navigation. So many vital services are completely reliant on spectrum that it forms an indispensable part of all of our lives – and one that is often taken for granted. Yet in a world which demands ever increasing amounts of information, faster communications and higher definition media, it is important to be aware that useable radio spectrum is a scarce resource where rapidly growing demand exceeds supply.
This scarce resource is owned by Government and the MCA, under the Electronic Communications (Regulation) Act, Cap. 399, is responsible for effectively managing the radio frequency spectrum in Malta. It does this on behalf of the Government. Objectiveness, transparency, non-discriminatory and proportionality are key criteria in the MCA's task. They reflect the principles laid out in the European framework for electronic communications.
Spectrum planning is the process of establishing the spectrum management goals for the future.
The purpose of spectrum monitoring is to support the spectrum management process in general, including frequency assignment and planning functions.
5G is more than just a new radio technology; it holds the promise of enabling new communications possibilities and applications. Such opportunities, of which many are still unknown, will eventually lead to a ‘hyper connected society’.
European legislation, i.e. the Authorisation Directive (2002/20/EC), and ITU rules, i.e. the Radio Regulations (RR) have established that a form of authorisation is required for radio transmissions.
Mobile communications including wireless broadband have been playing important roles in the economic and social developments.
The development of satellite communication has highlighted the need for managing satellite-related scarce resources, i.e. the satellite spectrum and orbit.